303 - Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies
A multidisciplinary and multicultural introduction to Women's Studies. An overview of the theories and topics in the Social Sciences, Behavioral Sciences, Humanities, and Natural Sciences that are pertinent to upper-division courses in Women's Studies. (YR)

315  Body Image and Culture
This course examines the biological and sociocultural construction of body image in both men and women. We explore such cultural and social practices as nudity, tattooing, piercing, scarification, dietary habits, physical activity and sports performance and their associated myths and realities. We explore how the human body is a terrain of contested meaning within society. The course provides an examination of the causes and consequences of women's poor body image, contemporary and historically. Course materials include case studies from North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and the Pacific.

325 Gender and Science
Explores some of the history of women in science, the current status of women in science, and feminism and science. Topics will include contributions made by women before science moved into the public sphere, cultural influences on decisions to make science a career, and a feminist approach to scientific research. Discussion, lecture. (AY).

326 Poverty and Discrimination
An analysis of the economic aspects of poverty and discrimination. Emphasis on the theoretical economic causes of poverty and the economic bases for discriminatoy behavior, the impact of poverty and discrimination on individuals and society, and the effect of reform policies on the two problems. (AY).

338 Women and Islam in Middle Eastern History
This course will introduce students to Islam's normative stance toward women, to complications in that normative stance, to theories about gender and history and, finally, to a consideration of the changing and varied attitudes about women and gender in the modern Middle East. (YR).

362 Women, Politics, and the Law
An examination of the political behavior of women in American politics. Included is an analysis of the legal and legislative demands of American women. (AY).

3651 Women Leadership/Social Change
The purpose of this seminar is to examine women's leadership in movements for social change. We will approach this topic through the study of historical examples, drawn primarily from the twentieth- century United States, and including movements for economic justice, race relations, sexual identity, peace, gender equality, public health, and social welfare. (W).

370 Women in America-Historical Perspective
A survey of women's roles in American society from colonial times to the present, emphasizing both change and continuity in women's experience. (AY).

385 Gender Differences in Language
Examines theories of differences between male and female of English, focusing on phonological, syntactic, semantic, stylistic, and conversational features, with analyses of differences in speaking strategies and agendas of male and female speakers, as well as split-language situations in the workplace, home, and social settings.

386 Gender Issues in Literature
A study of gender issues in English and American Literature. The exact topic will vary from semester to semester, but the course may feature such topics as gay and lesbian literature, feminist criticism, images of masculinity, the representation of sexual ideologies, etc. Depending on the content, the course may satisfy the period requirement of the English concentration. Courses may be repeated for credit when specific topics differ. (OC).

387 Film and Feminisms
This course will establish the role of mainstream cinema in the construction of female gender roles in contemporary Western society. The course will engage with debates in feminist film theory and the role of avant grade and non Westen cinema in challenging the gender ideology of mainstream cinema.

390 Topics in Women's Studies
Examination of problems and issues in selected areas of women's studies. Title in Schedule of Classes will change according to content. Course may be repeated for credit when specific topic differs. (YR).

3955 - Women and Organizations
This course will: 1) analyze the importance, meaning and consequences of what is culturally defined as masculine/male and feminine/female; 2) examine organizational practices that maintain the division of labor between the sexes; 3) examine social values and practices that promote the interests and opportunities of women and that promote equality between the sexes; 4) examine women and management, including explanations for the limited numbers of women in senior management positions, gender and leadership style, and the difficulties of women managers; 5) address the issue of work/life balance and the distinction between paid work and family work.

404 - Dissed: Differ, Power, Discrim
 Have you ever been dissed? Why are some people targets of disrespect? This class examines the unequal distribution of power - social, economic and political in the United States and other countries that results in favor for privileged groups. We will examine a variety of institutional practices and individual beliefs that contribute to disrespect. We'll look at ways that beliefs and practices, like viewing inequality as consequence of a "natural order," obscure the processes that create and sustain social discrimination. We will engage in the intellectual examination of systems, behaviors and ideologies that maintain discrimination and the unequal distribution of power and resources. Student will not receive credit for both WGST 404 and WGST 504.

405 Gender Roles
This course will investigate the development of sex roles in childhood and adolescence due to either innate physiological differences or sociological patterning, the effect of sex roles upon male-female relationships within our society, and the possibility of transcending sociological sex roles in alternate modes of living. Students cannot receive credit for both WST 405 and WST 505. (F,W).

406 Culture and Sexuality
The study of women, men, children, socialization practices, and the genesis of sex roles cross-culturally. Students cannot receive credit for both WST 405 and WST 506. (YR).

WGST 408/508 - Gender, Power and International Development
This course provides an introduction to gender issues in development, including the role that social movements play in challenging institutions like the World Bank and UN to take gender equity and human rights seriously.

WGST 409 - Feminist Theories
This course examines the different perspectives that feminist theorists have offered to analyze the unequal conditions of women's and men's lives. Students taking this course will develop an understanding of how theory functions as a way to know, understand and change the world. They will also be provided with a lens for comparing the assumptions and implications of alternative theoretical perspectives. A particular emphasis of this course is on theorizing the interrelationships among gender, race, class, sexuality and nationality. Course material includes applications of feminist theory to issues such as gender identity formation; sexuality; gender, law and citizenship; women and work; and the history and politics of social movements. Students will not receive credit for both WGST 409 and WGST 509.

412 Men and Masculinities
This course addresses the question, "What is a man?", in various historical, cross-cultural, and contemporary contexts. A major focus on the social and cultural factors that underlie and shape conceptions of manhood and masculinity in America as well as in a variety of societies around the globe. (AY).

416 Early Modern Japanese Paintings and Woodblock Prints
Paintings and woodblock prints of the Edo/Tokugawa (1600-1868) and Meiji (1868-1912) periods are considered in light of competing developments that are on the one hand looked to Japan's classical tradition and on the other to the influence of art and artists from China and from the West. Special attention is given to female artists and images of women. Students cannot receive credit for both WST 416 and WST 516. (OC).

420 Kinship and Marriage
A study of the diversity of kinship and marriage system, and of the history of kinship theory which has played a seminal role in the development of general anthropological theory. Students cannot receive credit for both WST 420 and WST 520. (OC).

425 Women in Classical Antiquity
This course examines the evidence for the lives of women in Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquity, from the Bronze age through the Imperial Period. Special emphasis will be placed on the archaeological evidence, especially works of art which illustrate women's lives and their relationships with men. Documents such as dedicatory and funerary inscriptions, the poetry of Sappho and Sulpicia, and selections from the writings of Homer, Hesiod, Aristotle, Pliny, Juvenal, and other ancient authors, will also be examined critically, particularly in relationship to the works of art. (YR).

433 Writing Women in Renaissance
This course will be taught in English, and focus on the influence of Italian literary models for the construction of female literary types as well as female voices in France and Italy from 1300 to about 1600. Italian authors studied include three very influential Florentines, Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio, as well as Castiglione and Asiosto. We will read women poets, patrons, prostitutes and queens from Italy and France such as Veronica Ganbara, Isabella di Morra, Vittoria Colnna, Christine de Pizan, Louise Labe, and Maguerite se Narvve. At issue will be women's roles and women's images in city and court culture during the early modern period, and the interaction of their writings with the literary canons of Italy and France. (OC).

445 20th Century Women Authors
An analysis of images and problems of women as defined by significant British and American women writers of the twentieth century. Style and narrative techniques will also be closely examined. For graduate credit, elect WST 545. (OC).

447 Family Violence
Sociological analyses of various forms of family violence which occur disproportionately in the lives of girls and women. Topics such as incest, sexual abuse, date rape, wife battering, and elder abuse will be situated within the social and cultural context of contemporary gender relationships. Social and political responses to the phenomena will be examined. Students cannot receive credit for both WST 447 and WST 547. (YR).

455 Gender and Media Studies
This course will focus on several feminist approaches used in understanding the media and attempting to create social change through the media. The role of media in the definition and reproduction of gender-based hierarchies and in the renegotiation of gender boundaries will both be explored. To this end, both mainstream and women's media will be examined. The course will take a multicultural and international perspective, incorporating concerns of class, race, ethnicity, and nation as these intersect with the study of gender and media. Mainstream and alternative media will be analyzed through readings, films, case studies, in-class collaborative exercises and longer term projects. News, entertainment, and advertising genres will be examined in a variety of media, such as the printed press, television, video, film, and the Internet.

461 Corrections Officers & Inmates
 Course uses contemporary theories of gendered organizations to frame analyses of prison policies and practices in employment and incarceration as they reflect and reproduce gender inequalities. Analyses will be framed within a restorative justice model, that is, a critique of the current criminal justice system of retributive justice and a paradigm of what a alternative system could be.

470 Black Women in Literature, Film, and Music
This course takes an interdisciplinary approach as it explores the intersections of identity (among them race, class, and gender) as they infuse the literature, film, and music of Black women. To paraphrase Chela Sandoval, this course presents a series of methods, not only for analyzing texts, music and film, but for creating identites that are capable of speaking to, against, and thorough power. The diverse work of such theorists as Ella Shohat, Jacqueline Bobo, Valerie Smith, and Sasha Torres will be utilized.

478 Women's Studies Internship
Provides field experience in social welfare agencies, e.g., for children/adolescents, abuse, chemical dependencies, the elderly, special needs population, criminal justice/probation, medial/public health, and families and communities. Supervision by approved field instructors. Focus is on analysis of the social context of the agency, the clients, and the staff. An internship of 80 hours is required for three (3) credits. Approval of instructor. Permission of Women's Studies Director required. (F,W).

481 Gender and Globalization
Mass media, politics, and academia are full of references to globalization, and a future "world without borders". This interdisciplinary course considers the implication of globalization for women's lives, gender relations, and feminism. Topics covered include the global factory, crossculture consumption, human rights, global communications, economic restructuring, nationalism, and environmental challenges. Rather than survey international women's movements, this course explores how globalization reformulates identities and locations and the political possibilities they create. (AY).

486 - Queer Theory and Literature
This course analyzes issues of sexuality using the lens of queer theory to understand the ways writers have imagined printed text to reflect and govern desire. This course also explores how queer theory has moved beyond a hetero-homosexual binary by offering alternative solutions to issues in literature that seem to be at political, economic and national impasses. Writers may include contemporary theorists (Sedgwick, Foucault, Butler) as well as novelists (Gaskell and Stoker), playwrights (Kushner and Wycherley) and poets (Behn and Rossetti).

490 Topics in Women's Studies
Examination of problems and issues related to Women's Studies. Title as listed in Schedule of Classes will change according to specific content. Cause may be repeated for credit when specific topics differ.

498 Women's Studies Thesis
A thesis project that is the culmination of the minor in Women's Studies. Students meet with the instructor to reflect on past studies and plan current projects, to conduct research that addresses gender issues in the largest community, and to write a thesis under the direction of the faculty member. Research involving participant-observer in social agencies is encouraged where appropriate.

498 Independent Studies
Provides opportunity for qualified Women's Studies students to pursue independent research under the direction of a qualified faculty member. Project must be defined in advance, in writing, and must be in a subject not currently offered in the regular curriculum.