Cold Weather Safety Tips

Prevent Problems

  • Limit exposure to cold, especially if it is windy or humid.
  • Be careful if you are older, overweight, have allergies or poor circulation.
  • Be careful if you smoke, drink or take medication.
  • Do not smoke or drink alcohol before going into the cold.

Wear Layers of Loose Dry Clothing

  • Cotton or wool under layers.
  • Waterproof top layer.
  • Be sure to cover head, hands, feet and face.
  • Dry or change wet clothing immediately.
  • Keep moving in the cold.
  • Take breaks in warm areas.
  • Move to a warm area if you feel very cold or numb.
  • Drink warm nonalcoholic beverages.

Know the Symptoms of Frostbite

  • Feeling uncomfortably cold.
  • Feeling numb.
  • Feeling tingling, aching or brief pain.
  • Skin turning reddish or violet black.
  • Skin blisters.
  • Unconsciousness.

Act Quickly if Frostbite Strikes

  • Do not rub body part or apply hot water bottles.
  • Do not go near a hot stove.
  • Do not break blisters.
  • Warm frozen body parts quickly with sheets or blankets or warm (not hot) water.
  • Exercise warmed body part (do not walk on feet).
  • Get medical attention if necessary.
  • Elevate frozen body part and cover with sterile cloths before moving.

Know Symptoms of Hypothermia

  • Feeling cold
  • Pain in extremities
  • Shivering
  • Numbness and/or stiffness
  • Poor coordination
  • Drowsiness
  • Slow or irregular breathing of heart rate
  • Slurred speech
  • Cool skin
  • Puffy face
  • Confusion
  • Apathy

Act Quickly if Hypothermia Strikes

  • Call for medical assistance.
  • Give artificial respiration if needed.
  • Move into a warm area.
  • Get out of frozen wet clothes.
  • Bundle in warm clothes or blankets.
  • Drink something warm (no alcohol) if conscious.