Before the Silence
The Armenian, Greek, and Assyrian (also called "Syrians") Genocides were widely reported in the world press at the time, and the public outcry in the U.S. led to a major relief effort. However, the world soon returned to business as usual with the new Republic of Turkey and a silence fell over the world press concerning the destruction of the Armenian, Greek, and Assyrian communities in the Ottoman Empire. In drawing attention this prior engagement by the world press the Armenian Research Center is pleased to present a series of news reports, from twenty different newspapers to date, as researched and compiled by Sofia Kontogeorge Kostos, an Advocate for Genocides Awareness of the Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks of Asia Minor.
These news reports are organized chronologically, and require the Adobe Reader (click here to download the free reader). Highlighting and the use of color within in the news reports, unless otherwise indicated, represent emphasis by Sofia Kontogeorge Kostos and not by the original authors.
News reports will be added on an ongoing basis.
Updated February 19, 2011 by Gerald Ottenbreit, Jr.
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|Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy (her witness of the destruction of Smyrna can be found in her autobiography Certain Samaritans [New York: The Macmillan Company, 1927; rev. ed., New York: The Macmillan Company, 1933])||View of the burning of Smyrna|
|Photo of Greek and Armenian orphans helped by Near East Relief (from Henry Morgenthau, I Was Sent to Athens [Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran and Company, 1929], p. 284)||Dr. Mabel Elliott with a sick starveling (in Armenia) (from Certain Samaritans, facing page 127).|
|Refugees from Smyrna in temporary living quarters converted from opera boxes in Athens||American Consulate in Smyrna (from George Horton, The Blight of Asia [London: 2003], p. 160)|
Other articles and documents
Voices of Truth Recently updated wth an eyewitness report by Metropolitan Chrysostomos of Ephesus
 For examples of periodical coverage of the Armenian Genocide, see:
Armenian National Committee, The Armenian Genocide as Reported in the Australian Press (Sydney:Armenian National Committee, 1983).
A.R.F. Youth Organization of Canada, Le Genocide Armenien dans la presse Canadian / The Armenian Genocide in the Canadian Press, Volume I: 1915-1916 (Montreal: Armenian National Committee of Canada, 1985)
A.R.F. Youth Organization of Canada and Armenian National Committee of Canada, Le Genocide Armenien dans la presse Canadian / The Armenian Genocide in the Canadian Press, Volume II: 1916-1923 (N.p.: Armenian National Committee of Canada, )
Daniel Karamanoukian, El Genocidio Armenio en la prensa del Uruguay, ano 1915 [The Uruguayan Press of 1915 on the Genocide of Armenians] (Montevideo: Ediciones Ani, 1985).
Richard G. Kloian,The Armenian Genocide--First 20th Century Holocaust (Berkeley, CA: Anto Offset Printing, 1980); revised as Richard G. Kloian, The Armenian Genocide: News Accounts From the American Press 1915-1922 (Berkeley, CA: Anto Printing, 1985, and subsequent editions to 2003).
Katia Minas Peltekian, comp., Heralding of the Armenian Genocide: Reports in The Halifax Herald, 1894-1922 (Halifax, N.S: Armenian Cultural Association of the Atlantic Provinces, 2000).
Lewon Vardan, Haykakan tasnahinge Turk matenagitutean ew mamulin mej ew menk (Beirut: [Tpagrutiwn Grigor Antoneani], 1998).
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 For more information on America and the Armenian Genocide, see: Peter Balakian, The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2003); Robert L. Daniels, "The Armenian Question and American-Turkish Relations, 1914-1927," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 46, no. 2 (September 1959), pp. 252-275; Suzanne Elizabeth Moranian, The American Missionaries and the Armenian Question: 1915-1927 (Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994); Jay Winter, ed., America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915 (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003); Simon Payaslian, United States Policy toward the Armenian Question and the Armenian Genocide (Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 2003); id., "The United States Response to the Armenian Genocide," in Looking Backward, Moving Forward: Confronting the Armenian Genocide, ed. Richard G. Hovannisian (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2003), pp. 51-80; and Merrill D. Peterson, "Starving Armenians": America and the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1930 and After (Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press, 2004. For more information on Near East Relief, see: James L. Barton, Story of Near East Relief (1915-1930): An Interpretation (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1930; repr., New York: J.C. & A.L. Fawcett, 1991); Stanley Elphinstone Kerr, The Lions of Marash: Personal Experiences with American Near East Relief, 1919-1922 (New York: State University of New York, 1973); Susan E. Kerr, Letters of Stanley E. Kerr: Volunteer Work with the "Near East Relief" among Armenians in Marash, 1919-1920, Edited and with a Historical Introduction to the Turkish-Armenian Conflict (Diss., History Honors Program, Oberlin College, 1980); Vahe A. Sarafian, "World War I American Relief for Armenians" (in 2 parts), Armenian Review 10, nos. 2-3/38-39 (Summer-Autumn 1957), pp. 121-131, 133-145; Charles V. Vickrey, Near East Relief: A Review for 1922 (Annual Report to Congress) (New York: National Headquarters, 1923)
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 For further information on this phenomena as it concerns the Armenians, see: Robert L. Daniels, "The Armenian Question and American-Turkish Relations, 1914-1927," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 46, no. 2 (September 1959), pp. 252-275; Marjorie Housepian Dobkin, "What Genocide? What Holocaust? News accounts from Turkey, 1915-1923: A Case Study" in The Armenian Genocide in Perspective, ed. Richard G. Hovannisian (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1986), pp. 97-109; Dennis R. Papazian, "The Changing American View of the Armenian Question: An Interpretation" Armenian Review 39, no. 4-156 (Winter 1986), pp. 47-72; Levon Marashlian, The Armenian Question from Sevres to Lausanne: Economics and Morality in American and British Policies, 1920-1923 (Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1992); chapter 9 of Suzanne Elizabeth Moranian, The American Missionaries and the Armenian Question: 1915-1927 (Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madisonn, 1994); George Nshanyan, Unworthy Victims of Genocide: The Armenian Destiny in the American Press (M.A. thesis, University of California, Northridge, 2002); and Michael Blacher, "From the Tip of the Tongue to the Back of the Mind: The United States and the Armenian Question, 1917-20, Armenian Review 44, no. 3-175 (Autumn 1991), pp. 1-21.
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