The monastic complex at Geghard, 8.6 miles east of Yerevan, was partially built into the rock of a cliff. This particular photo (a larger version of which is below) was taken by Gerald Ottenbreit Jr. on Sept 13, 1997. It was shot through the entranceway to the compound.
For more information on Geghard, see:
Guide-Book of Geghard Monastery (N.p.: Hratarakutyun S. Ejmiatsni, 1987).
Der Manuelian, Lucy. The Monastery of Geghard: A Study of Armenian Architectural Sculpture in the 13th Century (Ph.D. diss., Boston University, 1980).
Grigorian, A. and N. Stepanian. Erevan, Garni, Gegard, Echmiadzin, Ashtarak (Moscow: Izdatelstvo "Isskusstvo," 1985.
Manoukian, Agopik and Armen Manoukian. G(h)eghard, Documents of Armenian Architecture 6 (Milan: Edizioni Ares, 1973.
Sahinyan, A.A. Garni-Geghard (Erevan: "Sovetakan Grogh," 1978).
Shainyan, Aleksandr. S. Geghard / Sv. Gegard / St. Geghard ([S. Ejmiatsin: Mayr Ator S. Ejmiatsin,] 1978).
Sainian, A. Garni i Gegard (Moscow: "Isskusstvo," 1958.
Sainjar, Aleksandr Aramovic. Arkhitekturnye panjatniki Garni i Gegarda
(Erevan: "Izdatelstvo "Aiastan," 1969).
(Sahinyan, Sainian, and Sainjar are varients of the same name).
Sekoyan, V.G. Garni, Gehard / Garni, Gekhard (Erevan: "Hayastan," 1987).
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