Session 1: Keynote Presentation
Mapping on Purpose - John Nelson (ESRI)
Making engaging maps is a creative process that benefits from an unexpected perspective and thoughtful design. But most importantly it is an act of intention by the map maker, actively considering a phenomenon and how best to let it communicate. As tools and resources grow more capable and accommodating, the strongest ingredient in cartography remains the purposeful craft of a maker.
Session 2: New Developments and Historic Inquiries
Overview of recent GIS activities at the State of Michigan - Everett Root (Michigan Department of Technology, Management, and Budget)
This talk will provide an overview of recent GIS activities at the State of Michigan. This will include an update on the Michigan Geographic Framework technology upgrade project, latest news about the GIS Open Data Portal, an overview of the Michigan.gov/GIS website, and how State Agencies are making use of ArcGIS Online.
Utilizing Smart Technologies with your GIS - Mike Cousins (OHM Advisors)
What is Smart Technology and how can I use it in GIS? Mike Cousins from OHM Advisors will demonstrate how the GIS group utilizes various pieces of Smart Technology to take their GIS to the next level. Mike will introduce you to a few Augmented Reality (AR) applications using both a Microsoft HoloLens & a tablet to visualize above and below ground assets. In addition to the AR applications, Mike will show you how he uses both 360 cameras & Laser Scanning equipment to map spaces in order to help the staff at OHM with their workflows.
Remote Sensing to Digitally Preserve Native American Petroglyphs - Frank Boston (Michigan Department of Transportation)
At the request of the State Historic Preservation Office and the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, MDOT is working on a project to scan the Sanilac Petroglyphs using terrestrial LiDAR. Concurrently, we are performing a close-range photogrammetric reconstruction. As the centuries-old native carvings in the soft sandstone are exposed to natural and cultural agents of deterioration, it is important to preserve them digitally. Digital models will be used to track change in the carvings over time, inform their conservation, and for interactive educational programs.
Historic Maps and Modern GIS: Understanding the Religious Landscape of Seventeenth-Century Barbados - John M. Chenoweth (UM-Dearborn)
GIS is a cutting-edge technology, but it can be used to combine historic data with more recent observations. This paper combines data from a 2016 reconnaissance of Quaker-related sites on the island of Barbados with a GIS analysis of these landmarks, high resolution satellite imagery, and a 1675 map of the island in order to consider the relationship of the Quaker community to the Barbadian landscape, both social and physical. The analysis suggests that Quakerism began as socially marginal despite its strong economic base, and was more popular at greater distances from established churches, suggesting that a need for a local religious community contributed to the group’s formation.
Session 3: Public Health / Mobility
A GIS Approach to Risk Assessment Modeling for Public Health Risk - Qiong (Joan) Zhang*, Libbey Kutch, Lonnie Barnes, Peiling Zhou, Mattie Bene, Judith Namanya, and Sue C. Grady (Global Health and Medical Geography Lab, Michigan State University)
From deserts to tropical forests, the United States has a wide variety of natural ecosystems that vary by geographic locations. Understanding these ecosystems helps to predict potential outbreaks of vector-borne diseases. The Everglades National Park is a popular tourist site visited on average by one million people each year and also is a rich ecological home to numerous wildlife, including mosquito vectors. Mosquitos can be a threat to public health because of their efficiency in transmitting disease agents to people, including but not limited to malaria (Plasmodium spp.), denge viruses (Flavivirdae spp), West Nile virus, Zika virus, Everglades virus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus and more. Monitoring the mosquito populations in the Everglades is essential to prevent a spill-over effect during current and future natural disasters, the most recent event was Hurricane Michael. This study utilizes a GIS approach to model the spatial-distribution and density of mosquito families in the Everglades National Park (2010-2013). Specific species and their potential for spill-over into susceptible populations are reported to demonstrate the feasibility of GIS as a risk assessment modeling tool in Public Health Research.
Mapping Detroit's Food System - Alex B. Hill (Detroit Health Department)
The Detroit food system is garnering buzz nationally and locally - urban farms, farm-to-table restaurants, and big chain retail grocers are spurring media coverage, sparking insightful conversation, and drawing consumer, investor, and foundation funding. Among all the excitement is the risk that the new will overshadow the persistent inequity and food access issues faced by many Detroiters. Detroit has the chance to show how a growing food system can benefit everyone as long as we keep equity at the center of our work.
Multimodal Transportation Planning & GIS for the City of Dearborn - Moe Ayoub (City of Dearborn)
Dearborn is on a mission to reorient its transportation priorities towards people over cars. Recapturing the streets as complete, shared and public spaces reflects a turn away from automobiles as the only means for travel. Dearborn contains over 365 lane miles which works out to about 25% of the cities land area. Local officials, stakeholders and planners have partnered with the consultant team made up of Greenway Collaborative, Bergmann Associations and Living Labs to create the cities first comprehensive multimodal transportation plan. The plan seeks to provide health awareness, increase the feasibility and safety of alternative modes of travel and shift focus on the quality of living rather than providing travel lanes for driving during roadway reconstruction projects. Supporting alternative modes of travel, accommodating automobiles and progressively planning for automated mobility requires a comprehensive plan development process. The process includes data collection, public participation, plan development, plan refinement and an open source for data sharing with residents, public administrators and elected officials. Transportation data for this project is collected from multiple sources and formats, and can be extremely complex and disparate. The challenge for planning a multimodal transportation network is spatially integrating data in a common format. With the utilization of a GIS the consultant team created a uniform platform to display, query, model, help evaluate the data and plan projects. The presentation focuses on how the GIS has enabled Dearborn planners to quickly supply maps to users of desktop computers, provide a common framework for transportation planning information and access the neat and long-term projects.
Session 4: The Environment
Development and demonstration of unmanned aerial system-enabled remote sensing for environmental and transportation applications - Colin Brooks (Michigan Tech Research Institute)
The capabilities of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and the sensors that can carried by them have been advancing rapidly in recent years. Mr. Brooks will describe his recent research for the US EPA and Michigan DNR on how multi-spectral, UAV-carried sensors can help identify the invasive aquatic plant Eurasian watermilfoil (EWM). With the right resolution and indices, multispectral UAV sensing can be used to monitor the effectiveness of EWM treatment methods, providing another tool for invasive plant management. For the Michigan DOT, Mr. Brooks as focused on demonstrating how multiple UAV platforms with 3D optical, thermal, and LiDAR sensors can help assess transportation infrastructure condition and corridors. Results show that UAVs can provide useful, high-resolution data for bridge inspections, construction sites, and road corridors.
Object-Based Image Analysis of Drone Imagery for Identification of Jack Pine Saplings after the 2012 Duck Lake Fire - Raechel White (Michigan State University)
The 2012 Duck Lake fire scorched nearly 22,000 acres of jack pine forest in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. In order to better understand regrowth in these barren spaces, UAS imagery was collected during several field campaigns in the summer of 2017. Multi-spectral imagery derived from these flights were then processed using Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis for the identification and delineation of saplings in the plains landscape. Jack pine sapling identification accuracies of nearly 90% were achieved. Results of the classification can assist forest managers not only in assessing the environment’s recovery after fire, but also provides a workflow for implementing similar analyses in other ecosystems affected by fire.
LiDAR 101 - Everett Root (State of Michigan) and Mike Cousins (OHM Advisors)
The State of Michigan has been flying high quality LiDAR for the entire state for the last several years… Everett Root will explain what LiDAR is and why/where the State is flying it. Mike Cousins will then show you various applications that the OHM Advisors’ GIS group is using with the LiDAR. Mike will demonstrate how ArcGIS Pro and Desktop consumes the LiDAR and what you can do within each program.
Monitoring the Glaciers of the Mongolian Altai Mountains Using Satellite Imagery Analyses - Ulrich Kamp (UM-Dearborn)
The glaciers of Mongolia are relatively understudied, and different results about their number and the area they cover have been presented. As a reaction, the Regional Center for Mongolia of the international initiative Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) monitors Mongolia’s ice since 2010. Since then, two inventories have been generated that describe glacial changes from 1989 to 2011, and from 1990 to 2016. They have been derived from analyzing satellite images from Landsat 4, 5, 7 and 8, and Sentinel in combination with SRTM DEM data. Today, glaciers only exist in various ranges within the larger Altai Mountain system. Here, the debris-free glacierized area (the debris-covered area is estimated to be less than 5%) decreased from 515 km2 in 1989 to 334 km2 in 2016, a reduction of 35% in 27 years; we counted 627 glaciers in total. This glacier recession goes hand-in-hand with an increase in summer temperature of 1 °C from 1965-2015, with an enhanced increase since 1990. In the Turgen Range, repeat photographs from 1910 and 2010 revealed a significant downwasting of the valley glaciers, while the ice/snow cover on the summits appears to be intact. Compared to other mountain ranges worldwide, the glaciers in the extreme continental Mongolian Altai seem to recede at higher rates. This is of particular concern, since glaciers feed into numerous freshwater lakes throughout the region and probably make up 10-15% of the total water resources in Mongolia.