Grade point averages (scholastic averages) are computed by dividing the honor points a student has earned by the hours elected. The term grade point average and the cumulative grade point average are computed for each student at the end of each term and become part of the student's official University of Michigan-Dearborn academic record.

The method of grading graduate students is the letter grade system (A, B, C, D, E). Courses in which grades of D, E, or U are earned cannot be used in fulfillment of degree requirements.

Additional symbols used in the grade reporting system are: F, failed (pass/fail option election); FCV (pass/fail option election used for the Winter 2020 semester only during the COVID-19 pandemic); I, incomplete; NC, No Credit; NR, grade not reported; NRC (pass/fail option election used for the Fall 2020 and Winter 2021 semesters during the COVID-19 pandemic); P, passed (pass/fail option election); S, satisfactory (courses graded S/E or S/U only); U, unsatisfactory (courses graded S/U only); UE or ED, unearned fail; VI, audit; W, withdrawal; X, absent from final examination; Y, indicates the course extends beyond the term. For complete definitions, see the University Catalog Grade Notations page. 

The grades of E, IE, UE, or XE are not assigned honor points and thus will lower the student's grade point average. The grade NC is used only for certain courses. When this grade is officially granted, the grade NC and the course will appear on the student's transcript, but the course will not be used in computing a grade point average.

Grades of + and - may be given to graduate students whenever such fineness of discrimination is possible. These letter grades are translated into honor points for each hour of credit in a course as follows:

Grading System

The Graduate Grading System at UM-Dearborn changed from a 9 point system to a 4 point system beginning with the Summer 2014 semester.  All students who are admitted, enrolled or active for the Summer 2014 term forward, are being moved to the 4 point scale.  To view the complete announcement, visit the GPA Conversion Announcement page.

Effective Summer 2014 (May 1, 2014)

Please note that this 4 point grading system is only valid for students admitted, enrolled, or graduated beginning with the Summer 2014 semester (May 1, 2014) forward. All students enrolled, admitted, or graduated prior to this term/date should refer to the 9 point grading system below.

Letter Grade

Honor Points

Letter Grade

Honor Points

          A+, A


C 2.0



C- 1.7



D+ 1.3



D 1.0



D- 0.7



E 0.0


Effective through Winter 2014 (April 30, 2014)

Please note that this 9.0 grading system is only valid for students admitted, enrolled, or graduated no later than Winter 2014 (April 30, 2013).  All students enrolled, admitted, or graduated beyond this date should refer to the 4 point grading system above.

Letter Grade

Honor Points

Letter Grade

Honor Points



B- 4.0



C+ 3.0



C 2.0



C- 1.0



D and E 0.0


When courses are repeated at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, the grades for all attempts remain on the transcript and are averaged into the cumulative GPA.


Office of the Registrar

1169 -
University Center (UC)
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