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Professor of Political Science


Ph.D., Political Science;  University of Pennsylvania, 1972

2164 SSB (Social Sciences Building)
4901 Evergreen Rd
Dearborn, MI 48128

Research Areas:

Courses Taught

Selected Publications

Frank W. Wayman, Paul Williamson, Sol Polachek, and Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, eds., Predicting the Future in Science, Economics, and Politics.  Cheltenham (Gloucestershire) U.K.:  Edward Elgar Press, 2014 forthcoming.

Meredith Reed Sarkees and Frank W. Wayman, Resort to War:  A Data Guide to Inter-State, Intra-State, Extra-State, and Non-State Wars, 1816-2008.  Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, Feb. 2010.

Reconstructing Realpolitik. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, cloth and paper, 1994. (Co-ed. with Paul F. Diehl)

A Time of Turmoil: Values and Voting in the 1970s. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 1983. (Co­author with Professor R. Stockton)

Military Involvement in Politics: A Causal Model. Beverly Hills: Sage Professional Papers in International Studies, 1975.

"Explaining the Onset of Mass Killing, 1949-1987," Journal of Peace Research, Jan. 2010 (Co-author with A. Tago)

"Rethinking Partisanship:  Some Thoughts on a Unified Theory," in John Bartle and Paolo Bellucci, eds., Political Parties and Partisanship:  Social Identity and Individual Attitudes.  Oxon and N.Y.:  Routledge, 2009.  (Co-author with Bernard Grofman and Matthew Barreto.)

"Inter-State, Intra-State, and Extra-State Wars:  A Comprehensive Look at their Distribution over Time, 1816-1997."  International Studies Quarterly, 2003, Vol. 47: 49-70. (Co-author with Meredith Sarkees and J. David Singer.) Reprinted in Paul Diehl, ed., War, Vol. I (London: Sage Publications, 2005); and in Jody Pear et al., eds., Advancing Peace Research.  Routledge, 2012.

"Rivalries: Recurrent Disputes and Explaining War," in John Vasquez, ed., What Do We Know about War?  Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.

"Power Shifts and the Onset of War," in Jacek Kugler and Douglas Lemke, eds., Parity and War: A Critical Reevaluation of the War Ledger. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1996: 145-162.

"Purpose, Process, and Progress in the Study of War," in Stuart Bremer and Thomas Cusack, eds., The Process of War: Advancing the Scientific Study of War, Gordon and Breach, 1995: 251-258.

"Buying Time: Moneyed Interests and the Mobilization of Bias in Congressional Committees." American Political Science Review, September 1990: 797-820. (Co-author with Richard L. Hall.)Reprinted in Pietro S. Nivola and David H. Rosenbloom, eds., Classic Readings in American Politics. N.Y.: St. Martin's/Worth, 1999: 206-231; in Robert Alexander, ed., Classics of Interest Group Behavior.  Wadsworth Publishing, 2005; in Steven Smith et al, The American Congress Reader.  N.Y.:  Cambridge University Press, 2008; and in Samuel Kernel and Steven S. Smith, eds., Principles and Practice of American Politics:  Classic and Contemporary and Readings, 4th ed.  Washington, D.C.:  CQ Press, 2009.

"Evolution and Directions for Improvement in the Correlates of War Project Methodologies," in J. David Singer and Paul Diehl, eds., Measuring the Correlates of War. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1990: 247-268. (Co-author with J. David Singer.)

"Measuring Polarity in the International System," in J. David Singer and Paul Diehl, eds., Measuring the Correlates of War. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1990: 139-158. (Co-author with T. Clifton Morgan).

"Alliances and War: A Time Series Analysis," in Charles Gochman and Alan Sabrosky, eds., Prisoners of War? Nation-States in the Modern Era. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1990: 93-114.

"The Strategic Defense Initiative, Strategy, and National Defense." International Studies Notes, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Spring 1989): 27-35.

"Protecting American Security Interests: An Arms Control Agenda," in Loch K. Johnson and Paul F. Diehl (eds.), Through the Straits of Armageddon: Arms Control Issues and Prospects.  U. of Georgia Press, 1987: 222-240.

"Arms Control and Strategic Arms Voting in the U.S. Senate: Patterns of Change, 1967­1983."Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 29, No. 2 (June, 1985): 225-­252.

"Arms Control Treaties to Limit the Arms Race?" Michigan Alumnus, Vol. 91, No. 5 (Jan­-Feb, 1985): 23­-25.

"Bipolarity and War: The Role of Capability Concentration and Alliance Patterns among Major Powers, 1816­1965." Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 21 (Spring, 1984): 25­-42. Reprinted in John A. Vasquez and Marie Henehan, eds., The Scientific Study of Peace and War (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1992): 177-200.  Modified and reprinted as "Bipolarity, Multipolarity, and the Threat of War," in Alan Sabrosky, ed., Polarity and War (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1985): 115­-144.

"Voices Prophesying War: Events and Perceptions as Indicators of Conflict Potential in the Middle East," in J. David Singer and Richard Stoll (eds.), Quantitative Indicators in World Politics (N.Y.: Praeger, 1984): 153­-185.

"Capability, Allocation, and Success in Militarized Disputes and Wars, 1816­1976." International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 27 (December, 1983): 497-­516. (Co­author with J. David Singer and G. Goertz).

Reprinted in John A. Vasquez, ed., Classics of International Relations, Third Edition (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996): 250-260.  Reprinted in J. David Singer, Models, Methods, and Progress in World Politics (Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1990): 201-219.

"The Structure and Stability of Political Attitudes: Findings from the 1974­-1976 Dearborn Panel Study." Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 47 (Fall, 1983): 329­346. (Co­author with Ronald R. Stockton).

"The Busing Issue: Race and Social Change." Michigan Academician, Vol. 8 (Spring, 1976): 441-456. (Co-author with R. Stockton.)

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