Mission Statement

The Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing (CLAMP) was established in 1998 with the mission of creating a university/industry/government collaborative education/ research/information center on lightweight automotive materials and processing. The initial grant to establish the Center came from the US Department of Energy's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) program.

To accomplish its mission, the Center has formulated the following objectives:

  1. Provide graduate education on materials and processes that are or will be used in the future for producing lightweight automobiles
  2. Conduct research to advance the design, materials technology and manufacturing processes for producing lightweight automobiles
  3. Work collaboratively with industry on research, materials testing and life-long education.

The Center supports curriculum development, laboratory development, research projects, seminars, conferences and colloquia. The Center also supports a web based lightweight automotive materials database that can be used for material selection and design. The database provides information on properties and processing characteristics of materials specific to automotive applications.

Available Programs

  • Educating future engineers on automotive materials, manufacturing processes, and lightweight design is one of the central missions of CLAMP. For this reason, the CLAMP faculty has created the automotive materials concentration within the master's program in Automotive Systems Engineering. The emphasis for this concentration is application, design, and processing of structural materials for lightweight automobiles. Courses in this concentration are designed to integrate materials engineering with other engineering disciplines.

    Courses in the Automotive Materials Concentration

    • Materials Selection in Automotive Design
    • Lightweight Automotive Alloys
    • Advanced Steels for Automobiles
    • Mechanical Behavior of Polymers
    • Automotive Composites
    • Composite Materials
    • Mechanical Behavior of Materials
    • Designing and Manufacturing with Lightweight Automotive Materials
    • Design and Manufacturing for Environment
    • Analysis and Design for Vehicle Crashworthiness
    • Automotive Assembly System
    • Automotive Manufacturing Processes
    • Injection Molding
    • Cast Metals in Engineering Design
    • Materials Considerations in Manufacturing
    • Environmental Degradation of Materials
  • Automotive Systems Engineering is a 30 credit hour interdisciplinary master's degree program providing a systems perspective of automotive engineering with related design and/or research experience. Each course in the program carries three credit hours.

    The program also offers the opportunity for significant student interaction with faculty members and industry experts through research, internship, continuing education, industry visits, and consulting assignments.

A Leading University Research Center

The Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing (CLAMP) a university education and research center dedicated to exploring the design potential, applications and processing of advanced materials for lightweight automobiles.

CLAMP was created in 1998 with a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) program. Recognizing the gains in fuel economy and emission levels achieved through lighter cars, the GATE program encourages research into automotive design and manufacturing methods that reduce vehicle mass. Nine universities were awarded the prestigious grants in five advanced automotive technology areas. UM-Dearborn was the only university that received a grant in the lightweight materials field in 1998. Additional funding came from the Department of Energy in 2005 to upgrade and expand CLAMP's education and research objectives.

  • The study for materials for lightweight automobiles is a relatively new engineering discipline. While the properties of materials such as magnesium and fiber-reinforced composites are well researched, less is known about relationships between these materials and their functions within automotive systems.

    Learning more about the performance and behavior of advanced materials is essential to reducing the mass of automobiles -- which leads to better fuel economy and lower emissions, two features of great importance to customers, manufactures and government agencies.

  • Still in the early stages, lightweight automotive design and manufacturing are positioned to grow into a major engineering field in the coming decades. Committed to preparing the field's future leaders the college offers in cooperation with CLAMP, a lightweight materials concentration within the graduate program in automotive systems engineering. Courses focus on automotive alloys, ceramics, polymers and composites, and designing with these materials.

  • Lightweight automobile manufacturing is an emerging field that requires faculty and industry professionals to stay abreast of research and recently developed materials. One of CLAMP's most important activities is compiling the latest research so that information is easy to find and is accessible. The Automotive Materials Database is a web-based repository of lightweight materials that puts the latest information at the fingertips of engineers, designers, researchers, and students.

  • CLAMP collaborates with industry and seeks partnerships with industry in a variety of ways.

    • Internships for graduate students, research scholars, and faculty members
    • Guidance and funding for research relevant to the field
    • Development and use of Automotive Materials Database
    • Sponsorship of seminars and colloquia
    • Sponsorship of student projects
    • Holding industry-relevant seminars and colloquia
    • Providing testing and materials characterization service
    • Sharing research ideas and research results

Research Areas

Learn more about CLAMP's areas of interest and see our list of publications.

  • Durability of aluminum tailor-welded blanks

    This study is addressing the fatigue durability of tailor welded blanks (TWBs) made with different gage mismatch. The blanks are joined using friction stir welding. Test specimens, machined from different sections of rectangular pans made with TWBs, are subjected to stress-controlled fatigue tests. Weld orientation relative to the loading direction, specimen location along the welded seam and pre-straining are three of the parameters being examined for their effects on fatigue life. The results from this study will be useful in designing tailor-welded blanks in fatigue-critical components.

    Fatigue of automotive thermoplastics

    As the use of filled and unfilled thermoplastics in automotive applications increases, the need for determining the fatigue performance of these materials becomes critically important. This study is considering the effects of design and process parameters on the fatigue performance of talc-filled polypropylene and glass fiber reinforced polyamide-6. The ultimate objective of this study is to develop fatigue design guidelines for thermoplastics similar to those used for metals. A part of this project involves the development of generalized constitutive models for semi-crystalline polymers, such as polypropylenes and polyamides, which can be used in large deformation analysis of these materials using finite element method. A variety of test conditions are considered in this study, including creep, stress relaxation, loading-unloading and interrupted loading. The viscoplastic nature of these polymers is taken into account in developing the constitutive equations.

    Self-piercing riveted and riv-bonded joints in aluminum alloys

    This experimental study concentrates on the static and fatigue behavior of self-piercing riveted joints in Al 6111-T4 and Al 5754-0. For the 5754 alloy, riv-bonded joints containing both self-piercing rivets and adhesive are also considered. The objectives of this study are (1) to determine the effects of self-piercing riveting process variables on the fatigue characteristics of these joints, (2) to develop an understanding of the fatigue failure mechanisms and, (3) to explore methods of enhancing the fatigue life of these joints. Material properties local to the riveted joints are influenced by the riveting process and are found to be the principal controlling factor in the fatigue failure of these joints.

    Processing and Characterization of the Mechanical Properties of Novel Lightweight Multifunctional Hybrid Structures

    The objectives of the research are to develop, to evaluate and to model the mechanical behavior of high performance-lightweight multifunctional hybrid structures attractive to the aerospace, marine and military industries. The hybrid systems will consist of skins based on a new composite based on the latest impact resistant synthetic fibers with a high performance epoxy matrix developed for aerospace and advanced applications and novel 3/2 fiber-metal laminates based on the aforementioned advanced composite and an aluminum alloy with high strength and ductility; the core will consist of an energy absorbing metallic foam. Initial attention will focus on optimizing and characterizing the level of adhesion between the skins and core materials. Once this has been achieved, the static mechanical properties and the low velocity impact response of the hybrid structures will be investigated and modeled.

    Dynamic denting characteristics of sheet materials

    The objective of this study is to determine the effects of cold-work, paint-baking temperature and alloy composition on both static and dynamic dent energies of aluminum sheets considered for automotive body applications. A drop-weight impact machine is used for creating dents under low to medium strain-rate dynamic conditions. Static denting is created at very low strain rates. Theoretical models for predicting denting behavior are also being developed.

    Influence of microstructure on corrosion behavior of magnesium alloys

    The objective of this project is to conduct a systematic investigation of corrosion characteristics of cast magnesium alloys, such as AZ91D and AM50, considered for engine applications. The study includes both corrosion tests and mirostructural examination. The corrosion environment includes both aqueous solution and engine coolant. The effect of microstructures produced by sand casting, die-casting and thixomolding on the corrosion behavior is the main focus of this study.

  • Self-piercing riveted and riv-bonded joints in aluminum alloys

    This experimental study concentrates on the static and fatigue behavior of self-piercing riveted joints in Al 6111-T4 and Al 5754-0. For the 5754 alloy, riv-bonded joints containing both self-piercing rivets and adhesive are also considered. The objectives of this study are (1) to determine the effects of self-piercing riveting process variables on the fatigue characteristics of these joints, (2) to develop an understanding of the fatigue failure mechanisms and, (3) to explore methods of enhancing the fatigue life of these joints. Material properties local to the riveted joints are influenced by the riveting process and are found to be the principal controlling factor in the fatigue failure of these joints.

    Joining Aluminum and Nylon sheet

    A study is conducting to investigate a potential joining method to permanently join Aluminum with Nylon sheets. The tool used in this process is very similar to the friction stir spot welding tool. This joining method utilizes heat from friction between the tool shoulder and the Aluminum sheet to be joined with the Nylon sheet. Aluminum sheet metal is placed on top of the Nylon sheet and the rotating tool is plunged into the Aluminum sheet to form the joint created due to the melted surface of the Nylon sheet around the center of the weld nugget and the mechanical interlock due to the deformation of Aluminum into the Nylon sheet. Spot lap shear joint specimens were formed to investigate the effect of several parameters such as tool geometry, tool RPM, tool dwell time, tool plunge depth and tool feed rate. Tensile tests were conducted to evaluate the joint strength and micro-graphical observations were conducted to investigate the failure mechanisms of the joint. Furthermore, the effects of knurling and chemical treatment on the Aluminum surface to be contacted to Nylon are also studied in this research. The materials used in this study are Aluminum alloy 6111 and Nylon 6-8202.

  • Dynamic Models and Estimation for Batch Grinding Operations

    The batch grinding process is characterized by multiple data streams sampled at different frequencies. A new modeling and estimation strategy is proposed as a method of integrating the fast sampled sensor signals and the off-line measured part qualities for monitoring and control of the batch grinding operation. After a nonlinear state space model is derived from existing analytical models in literature, a multi-rate estimation scheme is developed for estimation of part qualities based on extended Kalman filters. It has been shown that utilizing the off-line measurement data along with the continuity of the continuous state variables provide significant benefits to estimation tasks.

    Intelligent Modeling and Control of Hard Disk Manufacturing

    An intelligent control scheme for disk grinding in the hard-disk-drive industry is developed. The objective is to achieve the required dimensional accuracy of ground parts based on process I/O relationships captured in a radial basis function network (RBFN) model. A novel autonomous training algorithm is developed and used for construction of RBFN models with minimal human assistance. The thickness control scheme proposed in this project is based on a nonlinear inverse model of the disk grinding process. In order to account for the process variations resulting from uncertainties and changes in operating conditions, the controller is supplemented with an on-line turning algorithm. The performance of the proposed control scheme is evaluated by extensive simulation studies with experimental data. A Windows-based software written in C++ language with convenient graphical user interface was developed for easier use and future expansion of the proposed modeling and control schemes.

    Run-to-Run Optimization of the Batch Grinding Process

    A new approach based on model-based optimization scheme is proposed in order to deal with a general class of grinding optimization problems. The process variation is compensated by updating the model at the end of each run based on post-process measurement of part qualities.

  • Development of aluminum-composite hybrid tubes for automotive space-frame structure

    In this research, composite-metal hybrid tubes are being developed as the structural elements of a lightweight automotive space-frame. One major objective of this research is the development of manufacturing process for these tubes. Studies so far have shown that hybrid tubes have higher stiffness and better static crush resistance over either the metal or composite tubes. Joining of tubular elements to form the space-frame structure is also being studied.

    Development of a new low-cost environmentally friendly lightweight thermoplastic- based composite/metal hybrid system

    The main objective of this research program is to develop a new environmentally friendly low-cost lightweight thermoplastic-based composite/metal hybrid system attractive to the automotive and aerospace industries. The hybrid systems will be based on polypropylene-based composites and automotive and aerospace grade aluminum alloys.

    Development of thermoplastic matrix composite beams and tubes for structural automotive applications

    The objectives of this research are as follows:

    1. establish design and processing data for several low-cost thermoplastic matrix composites,
    2. develop a high-speed press forming process (similar to stamping for steel) for making thermoplastic matrix beams and tubes and,
    3. develop cost-benefit-design-processing feasibility of using thermoplastic matrix matrix composites for automotive body, chassis and frame members.

    This research is considering not only the press forming process development, but also vibration welding of thermoplastic matrix composites. This latter process will be used to join two half sections of thermoplastic matrix composite beams and tubes to make a complete section.

    Investigation of slurry performing process parameters for SRIM composite skid plate development

    The slurry process produces near net-shape preforms at a relatively cost and is being considered for high volume production of automotive composite parts. The purpose of this study is to investigate the slurry process parameters that influence the quality of slurry preforms and the properties of SRIM composite skid plates made from these preforms. Some of the preform quality issues are fiber distribution, fiber orientation, permeability, etc. This investigation will help establish the processing window for producing preforms with consistent quality and better properties.

    Formability of Thermoplastic Lightweight Fiber-Metal Laminates

    Major objectives of this investigation are to evaluate and to establish the formability limits and the forming procedures to shape a final hybrid part of thermoplastic-based FMLs for automotive applications. Additional goals include the characterization of the deformation mechanisms occurring during press forming operations.

  • Springback characteristics of aluminum alloys

    In this study, the springback characteristics of aluminum alloy AA 5754 under combined tension and bending loads are being examined. The objective of this study is to determine the effects of cold work, annealing, bend radius and clamping on the springback of this 5000-series alloy. Analytical models are being developed that can predict the springback in stretch-bending operation of sheet materials. Results from this study can be used to examine the possibility of reducing springback of this alloy and other sheet materials.

    Effects of material and process variables on tube hydroforming: simulation and experiments

    This study involves both simulation and experiments on hydroforming of straight as well as curved tubes. The objective of this study is to examine the effects of both material and process variables on the thickness variation, shape generation and process limits in tube hydroforming operations. The first part of the work considered straight tube hydroforming with both high pressure as well as sequential pressure application. The second part of the work will concentrate on hydroforming of curved tubes.

    Development of Simulation Tools for Superplastic Forming of Aluminum Sheet

    The objective of this project is to develop the numerical tools required to model the superplastic forming process of aluminum sheet. Additionally, simulation tools will be used to link finite element models to the material feasibility maps in order to estimate the post-formed properties of the formed panel.

    Formability Analysis of Sandwich Panels

    This study investigates numerically and experimentally the formability of two Fiber-Metal Laminate systems based on a thermoplastic self-reinforced polypropylene and a glass fiber polypropylene composite materials

Relevant Publications

  • 2013

    1. Mandapati, R. and Mallick, P. K., "Biaxial Fatigue of E-glass/Epoxy Laminates using Arcan-type Specimens", 28th Annual Technical Conference, American Society for Composites, State College, PA, September 2013.
    2. Ayoub, G., Nait-AbdelAziz, M., Zairi, F. and Kridli, G.,"Visco-hyperelastic Damage Model for Cyclic Stress-Softening, Hysteresis and Permanent Set in Rubber using the Network Alteration Theory" International Journal of Plasticity, Accepted for publication, August 2013.
    3. Rodriguez, A.K., Kridli, G., Ayoub, G. and Zbib, H.,"The Effect of the Strain Rate and Temperature on the Microstructure Evolution of Twin Roll Cast Wrought AZ31B Magnesium Alloys Sheet." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Accepted for publication, May 2013.
    4. Reyes, G. and Manda, R., "Mechanical Behavior of a Ceramic Particle Reinforced Thermoplastic Hybrid Composite", Proceedings of the SAMPE 2013 International Conference, Long Beach, CA, May 6-9, 2013.
    5. Kang, H., Khosrovaneh, A.K., Hu, M. and De Souza, U., "A Fatigue Prediction Method for Spot Welded Joints", SAE 2013 World Congress & Exhibition, Technical Paper 2013-01-1208, Detroit, MI, April 16 - 18, 2013.
    6. Kheireddine, A.H., Khalil, A.A., Ammouri, A.H., Kridli, G.T., and Hamade, R.F., "An Experimentally Validated Thermo-mechanical Finite Element Model for Friction Stir Welding in Carbon Steels", World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (Open-access peer reviewed journal, https://www.waset.org/committees.php), Issue 76, pp. 388-391, 2013.


    1. Kheireddine, A.H., Ammouri, A.H., Hamade, R.F. and Kridli, G.T., " FEM Analysis of the Effects of Processing Parameters and Cooling Techniques on the Microstructure of Friction Stir Welded Joints", Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Vol.3, Part B, Paper No. 88943, pp. 913-918, Nov. 2012.
    2. Ammouri, A.H., Kheireddine, A.H., Kridli, G.T. and Hamade, R.F., 2012, " Model-Based Optimization of Process Parameters in the Friction Stir Processing of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B with Active Cooling", CIRP, 10th Global Conf. on Sustainable Manufacturing, Istanbul, Turkey, Oct. 2012.
    3. Boorle, R. K. and Mallick, P. K., "Global Bending Response of Composite Sandwich Structures with Corrugated Core using Potential Energy Approach", 27th Annual Tech.Conference,American Soc. for Composites, Arlington, TX, October 2012.
    4. Mandapati, R. and Mallick, P. K., "Development of a Biaxial Fatigue Test for Laminated Composite Plates under Normal and Shear Loadings", 27 th Annual Tech.Conference,American Soc. for Composites, Arlington, TX, October 2012.
    5. Zhou, Y., Hosur, M., Jeelani, S. and Mallick, P.K., "Fabrication and Characterization of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Clay/Epoxy Composite", Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 47, No. 12, p. 5002-5012, 2012.
    6. Kang, H., Kari, K., Khosrovaneh, A.K., Nayaki, R., Su, X., Zhang, L., and Lee, Y.-L,"Fatigue Behavior of AM60B Subjected to Variable Amplitude Loading", Materials Science & Technology Conference & Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA, October 07-11, 2012.
    7. Kang, H., Kari, K., Getti, A., Khosrovaneh, A.K., Su, X., Zhang, L., and Lee, Y.-L.,"Fatigue Predictions of Various Joints of Magnesium Alloys", Materials Science & Technology Conference & Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA, October 07-11, 2012.
    8. Reyes, G. and Manda, R., "Response of Woven Thermoplastic Composites to High Velocity Oblique Impact", Proceedings of the SAMPE 2012 International Conference, Baltimore, MD, May 21-24, 2012.
    9. Vincent, A., Bhise, V. and Mallick, P.K., "Seat Comfort as a Function of Occupant Characteristics and Pressure Measurements at the Occupant-Seat Interface", SAE Technical Paper No. 2012-01-0071, 2012 SAE World Congress, Society of Automotive Engineers, Detroit, MI, April 2012.
    10. Sen Choudhury, P. and Mallick, P. K., "Effect of Bio-Diesel on the Tensile Properties of Nylon-6", SAE Technical Paper No. 2012-01-0752, 2012 SAE World Congress, Society of Automotive Engineers, Detroit, MI, April 2012.
    11. Bhambure, S. and Mallick, P.K., "Effect of Temperature Variation on Stresses in Adhesive Joints between Magnesium and Steel", SAE Technical Paper No. 2012-01-0771, 2012 SAE World Congress, Society of Automotive Engineers, Detroit, MI, April 2012.


    1. Dharap, A., Kridli, G.T. and Abovyan, T., "The Effect of Blankholding Force Trajectory on Springback Prediction in Dual Phase 590 Steel", International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Vol. 6, Issue 3, pp. 307-316, 2011.
    2. Ng, J., Luckey, S.G., Kridli, G. and Friedman, P.A., "Validation of a Modified Material Model for Use with Shell Elements to Accurately Predict the Thickness Distribution in Superplastic Forming of Sheet Metal",Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 211, Issue 8, pp. 1386-1394, 2011.
    3. Zhou, Y. and Mallick, P.K.,"Fatigue Performance of Injection-Molded Short E-glass Fiber Reinforced Polyamide 6,6. II. Effects of Melt Temperature and Hold Pressure", Polymer Composites, Vol. 32, pp. 268-276, 2011.
    4. Reyes, G.and Rangaraj S., "Fracture Properties of High Performance Carbon Foam Sandwich Structures", Composites Part A: Science and Technology, 42 pp. 1-7 2011.
    5. Kang, H., Khosrovaneh, A.K., Link, T., Bonnen, J.J., Amaya, M.A., and Shih, H.-C., "The Effect of Welding Dimensional Variability on the Fatigue Life of Gas Metal Arc WeldedJoints", SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 298-313, 2011.
    6. Askari, H., Lu, H., Zbib, H., Khaleel, M., and Kridli, G., "A Microstructure-Based Model for Superplastic Deformation and Damage in Magnesium Alloys", Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Denver, CO, Nov. 11-17, 2011.
    7. Reyes, G. and Manda, R., "The Mechanical Behavior of a SiC Reinforced Thermoplastic Hybrid Composite". Sixth International Conference on Fracture of Polymers Composites and Adhesives, Les Diablerets, Switzerland, September 11-15, 2011. 
    8. Kim, W., Kwon, J., Kang, H., Koo, G., and Kim, T., "Development of Advanced Fatigue Evaluation Methodology for Monitoring Major Components in Nuclear Power Plant," ASTM 2010 Pressure Vessels and Piping Division/K-PVP Conference, Paper # PVP2010-25585, Bellevue, WA, July 18-22, 2011.
    9. Mane, A., Orady, E., Awad, M. and Knight, J. " Prediction of Porosity in Casting Junctions using a Mathematical Model Developed through Design of Experiments", Transaction of NAMRC 39, June 13-17, 2011.
    10. Bhambure, S. and Mallick, P.K., "Analysis of Single Lap Adhesive Joints Between Magnesium and Other Structural Automotive Materials", SAETechnical Paper No. 2011-01-0076, 2011 SAE World Congress, Society of Automotive Engineers, Detroit, MI, April 2011. Also published inSAE International J. of Materials and Manufacturing, Vol. 4, Issue 1, p. 175-180, 2011.
    11. Ali, B. and Kang, H., "Temperature Distribution during Friction Stir Spot Welding of Magnesium Alloys", Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 16-24, 2011.
    12. Kang, H., Khosrovaneh, A.K., Link, T., Bonnen, J.J., Amaya, M.A., and Shih, H.-C., " The Effect of Welding Dimensional Variability on the Fatigue Life of Gas Metal Arc Welded Joints", SAE 2011 World Congress, Paper #2011-01-0196, Detroit, MI, April 12-14, 2011.
    13. Kang, H., Khosrovaneh, A.K., Amaya, M.A., Bonnen, J.J., Shih, H.-C., Mane, S., and Link, T., "Application of Fatigue Life Prediction Methods for GMAW Joints in Vehicle Structures and Frames", SAE 2011 World Congress, Paper #2011-01-0192, Detroit, MI, April 12-14, 2011.
    14. Mallick, P.K., "Crush Behavior of Aluminum, Composite and Aluminum/Composite Hybrid Tubes under Quasi-Static Loading", International Conference on Composites for 21st Century, Bangalore, India, January 2011.


    1. Ng, J.,Kridli, G., Luckey, S.G. and Friedman, P.A.,"Development and Validation of an Analytical Seal Bead Design Model for Automotive Superplastic Forming", SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. 682-690, 2010.
    2. Garware, M., Kridli, G.T., and Mallick, P.K.,"Tensile and Fatigue Behavior of Friction-Stir Welded Tailor-Welded Blank (TWB) of Aluminum Alloy 5754", Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 19, Issue 8, pp. 1161-1171, 2010.
    3. Lee, Y.-L., Polehna, D., and Kang, H., "Fatigue Damage Severity Calculation for Vibration Tests", Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 38, No. 6, pp. 707-716, 2010.
    4. Kang, H., Accorsi, I., Patel, B., and Pakalnins, E., "Fatigue Performance of Resistance Spot Welds in Three Sheet Stack-ups", Procedia Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 1, pp. 129-138, 2010.
    5. Lei, Z., Kang, H. and Reyes, G., "Full Field Strain Measurement of Resistant Spot Welds Using 3D Image Correlation Systems", Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 50, No. 7, pp. 111-116, 2010.
    6. Reyes, G. and Sharma U., "Modeling and Damage Repair of Woven Thermoplastic Composites subjected to Low Velocity Impact", Composite Structures, Vol. 92, pp. 523-531, 2010.
    7. Awad, M., E. Orady, and C. Dandekar, "Drlling Process Robust Optimization for 6061 Aluminum using Desirability Functions", ALHOSN JOURNAL of Engineering and Applied Sciences, June 2010.
    8. Shulze, R. and Mallick, P.K., "How the University of Michigan-Dearborn Prepares Engineering Graduates for Careers in Automotive Systems Engineering", SAE Technical Paper No.2010-01-2327, SAE Convergence, Detroit, MI, November 2010.
    9. Mohan Ram, S. and Kang, H., "Investigation of Hole Expansion Characteristics of DP600 with Testing and Modeling", 2010 ASME Internal Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Paper # IMECE 2010-39455, Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada, November 12-18, 2010.
    10. Fell, B. and Mallick, P.K.,"Stiffness and Fatigue Behavior of Composite Elliptic Springs", Proc. 25th Annual Technical Confer., American Society for Composites, Dayton, OH, September 2010.
    11. Valluri, S., Sankaran, S. and Mallick P.K., "Tensile and Fatigue Performance of a Self-Reinforced Polypropylene", Society of Plastics Engineers-Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition, Troy, MI, September 2010.
    12. Hociota, D.I. and Mallick, P.K., "A Parametric Design and Formability Study of Boron Steel Bumper Beams", SAE Technical Paper No. 2010-01-0433, 2010 SAE World Congress, Soc. of Automotive Engineers, April 2010.
    13. Sarma, V.H., Bhise, V.D. and Mallick, P.K., "Effect of Material Type, Surface Roughness, Compressibility, Shape, Gender, Age and Sense Modality on Perception of Automotive Interior Materials", SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0682, 2010 SAE World Congress, Soc. of Automotive Engineers, April 2010.
    14. Sistla, P. and Kang, H., "Twist Beam Suspension Design and Analysis for Vehicle Handling and Rollover Behavior," SAE 2010 World Congress, Detroit, MI, April 13-15, Paper #: 2010-01-0085, 2010.
    15. Shi, Z., Mallick, P.K., McCune, R.C., Simko, S and Naab, F., "A Study of Corrosion Film Growth on Pure Magnesium and a Creep Resistant Magnesium Alloy in an Automotive Engine Coolant", 2010 Magnesium Technology, 139th TMS Annual Meeting, Seattle, February 2010.
    1. Mallick, P.K."Advanced Materials for Automotive Applications: An Overview", an invited chapter author in the book Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering (editor: J. Rowe), Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge U.K., p.5-26, 2012.
    2. Mallick, P. K."Failure of Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) in Automotive and Transportation Applications", an invited chapter author in Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites (editors: P. Robinson, E. Greenhalgh and S. Pinho), Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge U.K., p.368-390, 2012.
    3. Bevkwith, S.W., Maher, M., Newaz, G.M., Reyes-Villanueva, G., (Editors), Proceedings of the SAMPE 2012 International Conference, Baltimore, MD, May 21-24, 2012. 
    4. Mallick, P.K.,"Testing of Fatigue Strength of Fibers used in Fiber-Reinforced Composites using Fiber Bundle Tests", an invited chapter author in the book Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites, (editor: R.M. Guedes), Woodhead Publishing Ltd., 2011.
    5. Mallick, P.K. (ed. and co-author), "Materials, Design and Manufacturing for Lightweight Vehicles", Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK, 2010.


    • MTS servohydraulic testing machines with environmental chamber
    • Instron tensile testing machine
    • Plate bending fatigue machine
    • Dynatap drop weight impact testing machine
    • Interlaken Servopress 75 with tube hydroforming capabilities
    • Electrochemical etching equipment
    • 90-ton Toyo injection molding machine
    • 30-ton Wabash hydraulic press with heated platens
    • Ovens
    • Dynamic mechanical analysis
    • Differential scanning calorimeter
    • Leica stereo optical microscope
    • Scanning electron microscope
    • Metallography facilities
    • Electrochemical testing cell
    • Browne and Sharpe coordinate measurement machine
    • Sheffield coordinate measurement machine
    • Mitutoyo surface profilometer
    • Toolmaker's microscope